Who are the Occitan speakers ? How many of them are there? Why do they use the Occitan language ? How did they learn it ? Do they transmit it and why ? What do non-speakers think of it ? A vast sociolinguistic survey was launched at the beginning of 2020 by the Office Public de la Langue Occitane to try and get answers.
8000 people were interviewed on the transmission, uses and perception of the Occitan langage in Nouvelle Aquitaine, Occitanie and Val d’Aran, as part of a European programme (POCTEFA), in collaboration with and financial support of the Nouvelle-Aquitaine Euskadi Navarra Euroregion.
The survey, launched as part of the Amassada – the Occitan Language Council in Aquitaine –, was carried out under the contracting authority of the Aquitaine regional council and with the financial and technical partnership of the five Aquitaine departments (Dordogne, Gironde, Landes, Lot-et-Garonne, Pyrénées- Atlantiques) and the state (DRAC – Ministère de la Culture).
After an invitation to tender, the Rhône-Alpes region entrusts the study to the Pierre Gardette Institute from the Lyons Catholic University. This Institute has been working in collaboration with two other Lyons laboratories attached to the CNRS and the University of Lyons 2 (Interactions, Corpus, Language Learning and Representations, Language Dynamics) with a laboratory from the University of Grenoble 3 (the Dialectology Centre) and with the Val d’Aoste Bureau of Linguistics and Ethnology. This study is followed by recommendations.
The regional branch of the Institute for Occitan Studies in Auvergne asked the IFOP (French Institute for Opinion Polls) to carry out a survey about the uses and perception of the regional language. The results proved that the existence of a regional language in Auvergne was a fact.